Ruins of Old Sijilmasa, the caravan city where Ibn Battuta started his journey from Morocco across the Sahara Desert to the Mali empire in 1352 CE.

Ruins of Old Sijilmasa, the caravan city where Ibn Battuta started his journey from Morocco across the Sahara Desert to the Mali empire in 1352 CE.

Ross E. Dunn is Professor Emeritus of History at San Diego State University where he taught African, Islamic, and world history. He is currently an associate director of the National Center for History in the Schools at UCLA. His publications include The Adventures of Ibn Battuta, a Muslim Traveler of the Fourteenth Century and Panorama: A World History, with Laura J. Michell.